Saner, R; Yiu, L, (2004) Organisational Culture of UN Agencies: The Need for Diplomats to Manage Porous Boundary Phenomena

Diplomats responsible for interfacing with UN Agencies need to recognise and manage overt and covert aspects of the Organisational Culture of UN Agencies, which are distinct from mainstream public and private sector organisations. Particular features of UN organisational cultures for instance often consist of complex informal organisational structures, multiple political interference's (external and internal), inter-cultural value differences of staff and different management practices. Porous Boundary Phenomena from the authors' point of view is one of the major factors which impose constraints on the performance of UN and in itself mirrors the client system that the UN is serving.

Cultural Tourism Development in Lake of Geneva region

This presentation focuses on the cultural entrepreneurship in the lake of Geneva region. Two musical festivals are described namely the Jazz Festival of Montreux and the Music Festival Paléo near Nyon. Both music festivals were created by founders who had the initial creative concepts, implemented them and found a way to make their success sustainable through constructive and mutually beneficial cooperation with the communities and authorities of the locations where the two festivals are being held on an annual basis.

Hierarchies of failures and solutions : Need for Cultural Diplomacy!

Raymond Saner, presentation given at DAW Singapore, 10th May 2013

Sustainability is often simplified to mean achieving “Triple E” (sustained economic, environmental and equitable social development” but little has been suggested as to how communities can harmonize the triple “Es” and find constructive solutions to the inevitable occasional tensions between the three sectors of social reality.  There needs to be an overarching strategy that ensures ways to nurture a social culture which supports, protects, leads, cajoles communities towards orienting their respective activities and roles towards an overall balance of their multiple interests and desires which at times are in opposition with each other and at other times coalesce towards the achieving of a sustained well being for all.